I Celebrate Life: Remembering My Friend Jean Ritchie
By Susie Glaze
I celebrate Life!
I tangle my fingers in its long-haired grasses… with gladness.
I beat upon its breast with futility.
I lie across its loin with joy.
I give to it and take from it sweet juices of abundance with… pain and pleasure.
I replenish it with my tears and the vibrations… of my laughter.
Until it sweeps me off, I will not leave it,
This World, this Earth!
This Universe, this Time and Space!
This Chance at finding God!
Back in 1995, my heart was being broken and I had no friends to turn to. One day, standing at the kitchen sink and looking out at the green world, I had no answer to how I would move forward. Then a memory of a tune conjured in my mind and I began to sing it:
I am a poor pilgrim of sorrow,
Cast out in this wide world to roam.
I have no hope for the morrow,
I’ve started to make heaven my home.
Sometimes I’m tossed and driven,
I know not where to roam.
I’ve heard of a city called heaven,
I’ve started to make it my home.
My voice had been silenced for so long by my own choice, believing that it didn’t belong in the life I had chosen. That day I heard my own voice streaming into the room through no force of my own will after so long being buried, and was pulled into a presence. A spirit had descended and was bringing me back something that was intrinsically mine. Through the song I was allowed to know my voice again, to know that I was alive, I was myself, and to begin the process of grieving, as the ancients had done, through the keening.
I had heard that song from Jean Ritchie.
“Travelers from the level lands, usually the Blue Grass section of Kentucky to the west of us, always complained that they felt hemmed in by our hills, cut off from the wide skies and the rest of the world. For us it was hard to believe there was any ‘rest of the world,’ and if there should be such a thing, why, we trusted in the mountains to protect us from it.”
When you looked at Jean, you saw an upbringing that largely copied the upbringing her ancestors had been given, all the way back to their settling Appalachian regions in the 18th century. And, most importantly for Jean, the songs were remembered in the collective consciousness and memory of the people themselves. She writes in her songbook “Jean Ritchie – Celebration of Life: Her songs…her poems”:
“Uncle” Jason Ritchie, in reality my Dad’s first cousin, was a good friend who shared my consuming interest in the songs and the history of the family and the region around us.
He had a most marvelous memory, and a remarkable knowledge of his land and people. His stories an recollections, taken down on wires and tapes, were as dear to me as his songs. And as for songs, he drew them from some bottomless well inside himself, and, before his memory faded at last with age, he gave me many of the oldest and rarest ballads ever found in this country.
Jean sings “Sweet William and Lady Margaret”
Jean gathered these up from Uncle Jason over the years of her young life, and when she left the mountains, they went with her.
How unlikely was it that these songs would make their way to New York City and the on-rush of the Folk Revival? New York and the fabled folklorist Alan Lomax wasn’t prepared for the sheer wealth of Jean’s knowledge and breadth of song craft. Lomax told her he wanted to record everything she knew for the Library of Congress and his vast collection of field recordings. She warned him that it might take a while because she knew over 300 songs! He wasn’t fazed, and that began the moment when her history became folk music’s history, then and there.
Jean sings “Shady Grove” on Pete Seeger’s “Rainbow Quest” television show:
Suddenly, Jean found herself on stages performing next to people like Woody Guthrie, Odetta and Pete Seeger. She was made aware of an entire new class of performer and she became one of them. Later, Jean was inspired by all the writers who were around her to also write original songs, and with a protest bent to them (though she used a pseudonym for some of the writing so as not to bother her Mother who was staunchly non-political).
She always said that she had grown up with songs attached to a true story, and if a story didn’t have a song to go with it, she knew she had to write one. “All folk songs are true” she said in concert, and in the legacy of folk song, that’s what the songs were there for: to broadcast the story far and wide and lodge in the memory. So when Jean started to write, she had fertile ground in her own homeland of Eastern Kentucky. The coal mining culture and its tragedies supplied ample fodder for her great composing gift. “The L&N Don’t Stop Here Anymore,” “Blue Diamond Mines,” and the greatest of all “Black Waters” have become legend in the life of coal mining protest anthems. What was always so remarkable about Jean, among many other remarkable facts, was that she was a giant in the gentle spirit of a mountain lady, carrying on what she learned and letting it speak through her quiet but firm voice.
That sweet firm voice lives on. After “Singin’ the Moon Up” was over, we were able to join the Ritchie clan for their annual reunion at the family’s original cabin in Viper, Kentucky in 2007. We “sang the moon up” and played dulcimer and sang a-Capella ballads the way the family had done in the mountains for so many generations. I was so grateful to be welcomed into that and participate in it. Since then I’ve recorded many of Jean’s songs, both traditional and original, and it’s a fervent prayer of mine that many other singers will discover her work and realize the immense artistry, power and poetry in what she’s left us.
In the liner notes to our tribute CD “Dear Jean: Artists Celebrate Jean Ritchie,” Fiona Ritchie writes that “Jean Ritchie represents a living connection to a heritage of song, spanning an ocean and several generations.” The voice you hear on the accompanying recording of “I Celebrate Life” is none other than Jean’s long-time friend and colleague, Pete Seeger. It was recorded a few months before Pete’s own departing, and I thought a very fitting tribute from one who was celebrating his own remarkable life.
I urge you to listen to Jean singing and playing and understand from what depths this music comes. They are deceptively simple, but listen: listen to the stories! The ballads, the play-party songs, the mining songs, the tragedies and the humor and the wisdom and the love: it’s all there, all of it from the depths and history of our human life.
I thank you for reading. It’s with all my heart that I write about my Dear Jean. I will miss her deeply until the end of my days and will be forever grateful for that small window that opened for me on a vast world of beauty and artistry.
And now, I leave you with the Ritchie family’s goodnight song, and for my Dear Jean, it is a fond farewell. May she fly on the wings of doves.
Twilight a stealing over the sea,
Shadows are falling, dark on the lea,
Borne on the night wind, voices of yore,
Come from the far off shore.
Far away beyond the starry sky,
Where the love light never, never dies.
Gleameth a mansion filled with delight,
Sweet happy home so bright.
Note: Original article appeared on FolkWorks: http://www.folkworks.org